Google’s Stand on Age Verification for Minors: Balancing Safety and Access

In the ever-evolving landscape of online safety for children and teenagers, tech giant Google is taking a stance that challenges proposed legislation mandating age verification for young users.

In response to congressional child online safety proposals, Google has introduced its “Legislative Framework to Protect Children and Teens Online.” This framework outlines Google’s perspective on how technology companies should approach children’s safety on the internet.

Age Verification Debate

The core of Google’s framework revolves around its dismissal of policies that would require online services to verify the age of their users before granting access to their platforms.

For instance, Utah recently passed a law aiming to compel social media companies to verify the age of users maintaining or creating an account. Google argues that such age verification measures may introduce trade-offs and potentially limit access to crucial information.

In an official blog post introducing the framework, Google emphasizes the importance of legislative models rooted in age-appropriate design principles. Such models, the company suggests, can hold tech companies accountable for safeguarding safety and privacy while still enabling children and teenagers to access enriching online experiences.

It’s crucial for policymakers to carefully evaluate the broader implications of such bills, avoiding unintended side effects like blocking access to essential services or necessitating the submission of unnecessary identification or sensitive personal information.

Data-Intrusive Methods

Google makes a crucial distinction regarding age verification. The company asserts that “data-intrusive methods,” such as verification with government-issued IDs, should be reserved for “high-risk” services dealing with subjects like alcohol, gambling, or explicit content.

For context, Louisiana recently passed a law requiring age verification for accessing adult websites to prevent minors from encountering explicit content. Google’s framework is not opposed to age verification in such high-risk contexts.

Instead of enforcing legislation that mandates age verification, Google argues that companies should be obligated to prioritize the best interests of children and teens in the design of their products.

In essence, online services used by young audiences should undergo assessments guided by expert research and best practices to ensure the development, design, and offering of age-appropriate products and services.

Privacy Violation

This framework arrives four years after Google and YouTube faced a $170 million fine from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for violating children’s privacy. The FTC found that YouTube unlawfully collected personal information from children, using it to target them with ads.

As part of the settlement, the FTC mandated that YouTube create a system to identify child-directed content and prevent the placement of targeted ads in such videos.

Advertising for Minors

Google’s framework advocates for legislation that bans personalized advertising for children and teens. Earlier this year, Senator Ed Markey reintroduced the Children and Teens’ Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA 2.0), which seeks to prohibit targeted ads for minors.

Google maintains that “for those under 18, legislation should ban personalized advertising, including personalization based on a user’s age, gender, or interests.”

Despite Google’s claims, a recent report from Adalytics alleged that YouTube continued to serve targeted ads to minors. In response, Google denounced the report as “deeply flawed and uninformed.” Senators Marsha Blackburn and Ed Markey requested that the FTC investigate this matter.


Google’s framework represents the company’s stance on age verification for minors, advocating for a balanced approach that ensures online safety without unduly restricting access to information and services.

As the debate on online child safety continues, finding the right balance between protection and accessibility remains a complex challenge.


What is Google’s stance on age verification for minors online?

Google opposes legislation mandating age verification for minors, arguing that it could have trade-offs and limit access to vital information.

What does Google’s framework propose as an alternative to age verification?

Google suggests that online services used by children and teenagers should prioritize age-appropriate design based on expert research and best practices.

What is the key distinction made by Google regarding age verification methods?

Google distinguishes between “data-intrusive methods” like government ID verification, which it supports for high-risk services, and other methods it believes should prioritize age-appropriate design.

What privacy violation did YouTube face, and how was it addressed?

YouTube was fined $170 million by the FTC for violating children’s privacy. As part of the settlement, YouTube had to develop a system to identify child-directed content and prevent the placement of targeted ads in those videos.

What is Google’s perspective on personalized advertising for children and teens?

Google’s framework advocates for legislation banning personalized advertising for minors, emphasizing the need to protect young users from targeted ads based on age, gender, or interests.